Part II. The Metallurgy of: “Alloy Selection for Elevated Temperature Application”

Malabou cast special alloys that allow for castings to be used at elevated temperature’s, in some cases in excess of 1000°C.

These heat resistant casting alloys consist of predominantly of combinations of nickel, chromium and iron together with small percentages of other elements.

Castings made of these high temperature alloys exhibit good mechanical strength and toughness at elevated temperature as well as oxidation and corrosion-resistance in environments as temperatures where they are to be used.

Castings to be used at elevated temperature’s, in some cases well in excess of 1000°C.

High Temperature Casting Classifications

The common designations for cast alloys are descriptive of their chemistry and purpose. This designation system was established by the Alloy Casting Institute (ACI) and has been adopted by ASTM.

The Alloy Casting Institute designations use “H” to indicate alloys generally used in applications where temperature is more than 537°C (1000°F). The second Letter represents the nominal nickel content, increasing from A to X.

Heat-resistant casting alloys are classified per metallurgical structure and composition it to three groups:

Chromium-Iron alloys: e.g. HA, HC, HD

Chromium-Nickle-Iron alloys: e.g. HE, HF, HH, HI, HK,HL

Nickel-Chromium-Iron alloys: e.g. HN, HT, HU, HW, HX

High Temperature Castings Applications include:

  • Furnace Rabble Arms,
  • Grizzly Bars,
  • Hot Pan Conveyors,
  • Salt Pots,
  • Cement Kiln Ends and Nose Sections,
  • Gas Turbines,
  • Furnace Arches and Lintels,
  • Radiant Tubes,
  • Retorts,
  • Stack Dampers,
  • Heat Treatment Baskets,
  • Tuyeres,
  • Hearth Plates,
  • Burner Tubes, etc.

Malabou Manufacturing are Metal Casting Specialists suppling Metal Components and Sub-assemblies to OEMs and Industrial users, if you wish to discuss you project please contact us at contact@malabou.com.

Latest Articles & News

featured image

Wear Resistant Castings

Wear is a complex field and there are numerous types of wear. Different types (and combinations) of wear mechanisms requires different approaches to the material selection and design.

Read More
featured image

Part I. The Metallurgy of: “Alloy Selection for Elevated Temperature Application”

Introduction This is a complex subject in part due to the time dependant mechanical behaviour of metals under load at elevated temperature. At room temperature, we understand that a part is failing once it is past it’s yield point – plastic deformation is occurring. The part is completely destroyed once…

Read More
featured image

Part II. The Metallurgy of: “Alloy Selection for Elevated Temperature Application”

Malabou cast special alloys that allow for castings to be used at elevated temperature’s, in some cases in excess of 1000°C. These heat resistant casting alloys consist of predominantly of combinations of nickel, chromium and iron together with small percentages of other elements. Castings made of these high temperature alloys…

Read More
featured image

The Metallurgy of: “Is Stainless Steel Magnetic?”

Of course many of you will know the answer, some of you won’t & some of you will be surprised by the answer. Malabou specialises in making castings in stainless, alloy, mild, and tool steels and we are often asked this question. Background Metallurgy. At room temperature, Mild Steel is…

Read More